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Statin Therapy for the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease

Males 21–75 years of age and females 40–75 years of age who have clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and adults 40-75 years of age who have diabetes and who do not have clinical ASCVD will benefit from Statin therapy.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is estimated that 92.1 million American adults have one or more types of cardiovascular disease. People with diabetes also have elevated cardiovascular risk, thought to be due in part to elevations in unhealthy cholesterol levels. Having unhealthy cholesterol levels places people at significant risk for developing ASCVD.

Statins are a class of drugs that lower blood cholesterol. American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines state that statins of moderate or high intensity are recommended for adults with established clinical ASCVD. The American Diabetes Association and ACC/AHA guidelines also recommend statins for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes, based on age and other risk factors. Guidelines also state that adherence to statins will aid in ASCVD risk reduction in both populations.

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